vehicle safety training
Welcome to the BuildSure Occupational Health & Safety on Vehicle Safety training course.
In this course we will cover:
The first step will be to watch the following safety video and read the following articles, then answer a multiple-choice knowledge test.
1) 5 Safety Driving Tips Video
Please watch the following Video
2) Vehicle Safety
i) Your Responsibilities
As the allocated driver of a BuildSure company vehicle, you are responsible for the vehicle and must report any required repairs to your Manager/Team Leader. Your vehicle is to be kept in good repair and well maintained at all times, including regular external and internal cleaning and arrangement of vehicle services when due, as per the online booking procedure with MIDAS or ABS.
ii) Tyre Pressures
Check your tyre pressures to make sure they're inflated correctly. The right pressure for your car tyres can be found on the tyre plaque, usually located on the inside of the driver's side door. Check the vehicle manual if you can't find it. This will show the recommended inflation levels for both normal and maximum loads. Incorrect tyre pressure can result in car handling issues, increased braking distance, and uneven wear. If the tyre is under-inflated there is going to be more flex in the sidewall resulting in wear along the shoulders of the tyre. If it's over-inflated you will find increased wear through the centre of the tyre. When you have finished checking your tyre pressure always make sure you replace the valve caps as they act as a secondary seal if the valve is leaking.
iii) Tyre Tread
Using a tyre tread depth gauge, insert the gauge into the tread groove at the outer, inner and middle points of the tyre: In addition to the tread, also check each tyre for damage. If you notice any irregularities, be sure to get it replaced by a tyre specialist.
iv) Spare Tyre & Jack
It's always good practice to check the spare tyre pressure and tread at the same time. A working jack is a must for every spare tyre, so ensure you check it isn't missing and is fully operational.
4-13mm : The tread is good for road use
2-4mm : You are required to get new tyres at your next scheduled vehicle service Less than 2mm: Seek replacement ASAP from your local MIDAS or ABS
Chances are you'll be on the road when you first notice an indicator light isn't working and often the first clue is a change in indicator sound speed. The indicted side will click faster than normal. To check which light is out, turn your hazard lights on and check each light, front and rear. Indicator bulbs are easily replaced either behind the lens under the bonnet or by taking out the lens from the front.
vi) Brake Lights & Head Lights
Unlike indicator lights, head and tail lights often don't have a second cue to alert you a light could be out. If you don't have someone to check your lights for you, a quick tip is to test your lights in a dark garage. You'll be able to see the reflections on the walls or garage door. You'll soon be able to tell if there are any lights no working by the absence or dimming of the light. When a bulb is blown it's always good practice to replace the corresponding light on the other side at the same time. If one side has blown the other side may not be far behind it, so change them both at once for peace of mind.
Typically you only realise your wipers need replacing when it's raining and you need them working. To ensure you don't get into this unsafe situation get into a habit of testing them when it isn't raining so you have an opportunity to get them replaced before the next downfall. As a guide, it is a good idea to replace your wipers every six months, but you can also tell if your wipers are due to be replaced by taking notice of the way they are cleaning your windscreen. Uneven streaking or splitting and scratching or skipping across the windscreen may all indicate that your wipers are due for replacing. To replace wiper (normally held in by a clip at one end) squeeze the clip and slip odd the old. New refills simply slide into place with the clip on the inside of the wiper arch and excess trimmed off.
viii) Washer Fluid
Blaring sun combined with dirty windscreen can make it very hard to see the road. Wiper washer fluid means the difference between pulling over to clean or simply letting the car do the work for you. Washer fluid and working jets are very important to ensure you can clean your windscreen as you go. To keep it topped up, just pop of the cap and pour in water or ready to use washer fluid when necessary. You can also add some glass cleaning concentrate to give more grime clearing power and help keep your screen clean.
ix) Check Oil
Setup: Make sure the car is on level ground and the engine is off and cooled down. Once you've popped the bonnet, there's only a couple of things you need to look for:
The DipStick The dipstick allows you to check the level of the engine oil. To check your engine oil level, position the car on a level surface and ensure the engine is turned off. Pull out the dipstick and wipe off any oil with a clean cloth. Replace the dipstick back into its original position and then remove it again. Check the oil level on the markings on the end of the dipstick. Top up the oil if necessary.
Oil Filler Cap If you need to top up your oil look for the filler cap which is generally located on top of the engine. Simply remove the cap and add the correct engine oil slowly to top up. Just be sure to do this gradually and keep checking not to over ll. One full, simply replace the cap and wipe up any small drips or spills. There are many different types of oil, so make sure you get the right oil for your car.
x) Check Coolant
Setup: Coolant isn't just water. It's a mixture of water and antifreeze. To check the coolant level you'll need to make sure that the engine and radiator are completely cool. It's VERY important to never open the cap on the radiator or overflow if the engine is hot as there is a chance that any boiling liquid in the system will spray out. Pop open your bonnet and ensure your bonnet stays in place.
The overflow bottle is a clear plastic container connected to the radiator. It shows maximum and minimum levels that are clearly marked on its side. If your coolant is low or empty top it up with the recommended coolant as per the Owner's Manual or with a universal coolant. Never open the cap on the radiator or overflow if the engine is hot
Check the radiator by removing the cap slowly. If you can't see coolant in the radiator it's time to top it up. Using a funnel top up the radiator slowly as the coolant will need to travel all the way to the bottom before it fills. Once the radiator and overflow is full go for a quick drive around the block to check for any leaks. Never open the cap on the radiator or overow is the engine is hot