Fire & Emergency Training

Welcome to the BuildSure Occupational Health & Safety Fire & Emergency training course. 

In this course we will cover:

  • 1) General fire info

  • 2) Emergency response

  • 3) Evacuation system and tone sound

  • 4) Evacuation plans

  • 5) Assembly points

  • 6) Actions on hearing the alarm

  • 7) Fire fighting instructions / fire extinguisher use

  • 8) Fire extinguisher types

  • 9) Fire prevention controls

The first step will be to read the following articles on each section as above and then answer a multiple-choice knowledge test.  

 

1) General Fire Info

  1. Get down, get low, get out – smoke is poisonous, get underneath it on your hands and knees, and crawl to the nearest safe exit.

  2. Shut the doors behind you to stop the spread of fire and smoke.

  3. Shout Fire! Fire! Fire! to warn others.

  4. Ensure everyone is out of the building.

  5. Get out and stay out – never go back inside.

  6. Go to your safe assembly point. 

  7. Call triple zero ‘000’ from a mobile or phone.

  8. Wait for the Fire Service to arrive.

 

2) Emergency Response

Follow the four RACE steps below:

R - Rescue persons from immediate danger within the vicinity of the fire;

A - Alarm must be raised immediately – Notify your supervisor and/or the WHS Dept or press manual call point;

C - Contain the fire and smoke only if safe to do so. Close doors and windows (never lock them) but firstly ensure that you have a safe exit path for yourself before hand. If safe to do so and you’ve been trained to do so, extinguish the fire with the appropriate fire extinguisher or hose reel in the building;

E - Evacuate yourself and others by following instructions from the fire wardens.

Use of Internal Communication Devices (desk phones) All internal phones can be used to reach an external number by first dialling 0 to get a dial tone and then dialling the number you wish to reach. To reach emergency services please therefore dial ‘0’- 000

All staff can assist in maintaining a safe working environment; by reporting such items as blocked fire exits and poor housekeeping and by ensuring that you keep your own areas clean and tidy and free from blocked pathways or exits.

 

3) Evacuation System and Tone Sound

Two-alarm tones will be heard in the event of an emergency. The Alert tone initially, followed by the EvacuationTone.

Alert Tone "Beep Beep"– Check your area for injured people, fire or smoke. Prepare to evacuate, wait for further direction Evacuation Tone – Follow wardens directions to the emergency assembly area. Assist wardens as required with injured people along the way. Wait at the assembly area until given further instruction from the wardens. Two-alarm tones will be heard in the event of an emergency.

EvacuationTone "Whoop Whoop"- Evacuate immediately 

When working outdoors there are no alert tones. Shout Fire, Fire, Fire!!

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4) Evacuation Plans

BuildSure premises has evacuation plans. It is your responsibility to familiarise yourself.

 

5) Assembly Points

The locations of all emergency exits are displayed on the evacuation plans which are present throughout our areas. Please familiarise yourself with the symbols on the indicator panel (displayed on each evacuation diagram/plan). You should familiarise yourself with these instructions so that in the event of a fire or the alarm sounding you will know the safest evacuation route to take. Follow the green arrows on the diagram to your closest assembly point (AA); these arrows indicate the quickest route and nearest exit to you. If you are unable to use your nearest exit due to a fire or other means blocking your pathway follow the exit signs on the diagram for an alternative route.


 

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6) Actions on Hearing the Alarm

  • Evacuate as soon as the alarm sounds. Move-in a safe manner and do not go out of your way to collect personal belongings

  •  If it is safe to do so:  Stop/turn off or close down all machinery & electrical equipment

  • Turn off main gas supplies

  • Follow the green evacuation arrows on the diagram to your nearest safe emergency exit. Your nearest safe emergency exit will not necessarily be the normal exit route therefore it is important that you follow the signage.

  •  Feel doors and door handles by lightly touching them with the back of your hand before opening them. Do not grab the handle as the heat will remove your skin. If the door or handle is hot then find another exit. Do not open this door as there is most likely a fire on the other side

  • If the air is filled with smoke – keep low to the floor, crawl if necessary (smoke inhalation kills more people in fires then the fire itself).

  • If your clothes are on fire – Stop, Drop and Roll to smother the flames whilst covering your face with your hands

  • On leaving the building make your way to your closest designated Emergency Evacuation Assembly Point as indicated on the Fire Evacuation Plan. The person responsible for roll call will be waiting at the assembly point to give further instruction

  • Remain at the Assembly Point until given instruction by fire personnel to do otherwise. Do not under any circumstances re-enter the building until given authority to do so by the Emergency Services

  • Always follow the instructions given to you by the fire wardens

 

7) Fire Fighting Instructions / Fire extinguisher use

If you happen across a fire, utilising an appropriate extinguisher you should attempt to extinguish the fire noting the following:

  • After selecting the appropriate extinguisher for the type of fire, approach the fire (standing well back approx. 3 metres). Always face the fire with your back to a clear doorway

  • Utilise the PASS method 

  • Pull the pin (and test the extinguisher by briefly squeezing the handle)

  • Aim at the base of the fire (aim the nozzle at the base of the fire)

  • Squeeze the trigger

  • Sweep from side to side (operate the extinguisher in a sweeping motion)

  •  Human life is paramount, do not put yourself at risk of danger. Fire extinguishers should only be used on small fires as they have limited capacity. Only attempt to extinguish the fire if you feel that it is safe to do so. If the fire is rapidly growing or if you fail to extinguish the fire after your first attempt, immediately evacuate the building

  • Make sure that you read the sign above the extinguisher before using it. If you are unsure of what is burning do not attempt to extinguish the fire

  • If you utilise a fire extinguisher ensure that once safe to do so, it is tagged out of service and replaced

  • Do not fight the fire if the following conditions exist: 

  • You don’t know what is burning

  • You don’t have the proper equipment

  • You might inhale toxic smoke

  • Your instincts tell you not to do so

  • The fire is spreading rapidly and might block your means of escape

 

8) Fire Extinguisher Types

There are 5 main fire extinguisher types in Australia – Water, Foam, Dry Powder, CO2 and Wet Chemical. You should use the right types of fire extinguisher.

The various types of fire extinguisher put out fires started with different types of fuel – these are called ‘classes’ of fire. 

There is no one extinguisher type which works on all classes of fire.

Below is a summary of the classes of fire, and a quick reference chart showing which types of extinguisher should be used on each.

There are six classes of fire: Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, ‘Electrical’, and Class F.

 –    Class A fires – combustible materials: caused by flammable solids, such as wood, paper, and fabric
–    Class B fires – flammable liquids: such as petrol, turpentine or paint
–    Class C fires – flammable gases: like hydrogen, butane or methane
–    Class D fires – combustible metals: chemicals such as magnesium, aluminum or potassium
–    Electrical fires – electrical equipment: once the electrical item is removed, the fire changes class
–    Class F fires – cooking oils: typically a chip-pan fire

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9) Fire Prevention Controls

Using a Hose Reel:

  • Hose reels are used on fires involving wood, paper and textiles only, they are not to be used on live electrical appliances, flammable & combustible liquids, flammable gases or cooking oils and fats

  • To release the hose reel, turn the valve on this will charge the hose and release the nozzle (if fitted with a nozzle release lock)

  • The hose can then be pulled out to the fire, the nozzle operates like a garden hose in most cases by twisting the nozzle, and the nozzle can be adjusted to give a spray pattern or a straight jet. Remember water conducts electricity, so using a fire hose on water will lead to electrocution! Do NOT use water on electrical fires

Using a Fire Blanket: To be used on Cooking Oils and Fats

1) Pull down tabs to release

2) Cover your hands with the corners of the blanket

3) Gently cover the vessel containing the fire completely with the fire blanket

4) Turn off the heat source

5) Leave the fire blanket in place until cool

A fire blanket may also be used as a barrier against radiated heat or to control a fire on clothing being worn by a person.

Please play and watch the following video.

Fire & Emergency Knowledge Test